Kidney stone affects both the mother and unborn baby, negatively affecting health, development, and also delivery. Being pregnant does not necessarily increase the chance of going to develop kidney stones, but it’s important to know that pregnancy increases the difficulty in their remedy… and every pregnant, or might-become pregnant, woman should pay special attention to the habits that discourage kidney stones formation.
Apart from being extremely painful, the kidney stones may complicate the birth by affecting the fetus. Might even cause pre-term labor. Addressing the kidney stones early is absolutely vital for reducing the chances of premature delivery.
Reasons for the Kidney Stones?
There are a numerous factors that contribute to the positivity of the kidney stones formation.
1.) Fluid Intake;
Restrict consuming enough water will tend to promote urine level that is highly concentrated with nutrients such as calcium and phosphorus, which dramatically increase the risk of developing the kidney stones.
2.) The Genes;
Genetic factors also play some role in the formation of the kidney stone. The families with high incidence of hypercalciuria, a condition in which an abnormal amount of the calcium is leached out into the urine, may have a heightened risk for developing the kidney stones.
3.) Bowel Irritation
If the gastrointestinal sensitivity is a problem then, take note that the chronic inflammation of the bowels can increase the risk of developing kidney stone, specifically during the pregnancy.
4.) Calcium Intake
Pregnant women typically need additional nutrients, including the calcium. Excess quantity of calcium can strain the kidneys. In addition, the calcium absorption is increased during the pregnancy. Both of these factors can elevate the risk of developing kidney stones.
The anatomical and the physiological changes during the pregnancy can increase a woman’s risk of developing the kidney stones. The chronic and persistent urinary tract infections may be a symptom of kidney stones. The pregnant women who suffer from the urinary tract infections ( UTI ) must mention and discuss the problem with their healthcare provider.
What needs to be done?
For most of the people, a kidney stone is a painful experience; Round about 70-80% of the stones pass without intense medical intervention.
X-rays is a method for determining the kidney stone presence; however, largely, the health professionals discourage their use during pregnancy. The X-ray machines radiation, might be affecting the developing fetus. Currently, very little research is available to determine the exact effects radiation has on both, the unborn baby and the mother. With the risks of the surgery and anesthesia, as well as the risk of radiation exposure, the minimally-invasive approaches are mostly the best course of action for pregnant women.
The conservative management like hydration and bed rest can encourage the stone passage. The role of increased fluid consumption as a means of preventing recurrence of the kidney stones is well recognized. It has been in fact used since the time of the Hippocrates. Proper fluid intake helps to decrease the concentrations of the substances involved in the stone formation, hence, reducing their saturation degree in the urine, which is a necessary condition for crystallization, and the first step towards the stone formation. Studies have stressed the beneficial effects of it on stone recurrence prevention.
Medications are not good during pregnancy as most are contraindicated as the use of drugs may interfere with fetal health.