Unfortunately, one of the most painful and common disorders affecting men is the presence of a kidney stone. Although they do affect women as well but men are more vulnerable to kidney stone than women. For all those men, who only partially know about it or those, completely unaware of this painful condition, here is a rundown like, about what the condition is, what are the various causes of kidney stone.
Causes of Kidney Stone in Men
There are many causes of kidney stone in men and the most common among these is a urinary tract infection. Certain types of medication is also known to cause kidney stone in men. Some aspects of a individual’s lifestyle habits , e.g.; drinking less water, lack of physical activity /exercise over long periods, and consuming large quantity of calcium oxalate (found in milk, tea or chocolate) can all contribute to this kidney stone problem. Finally, genetics also predispose certain individuals to kidney stone (family history).
The reason of men have more kidney stone than women is their larger muscle mass as compared to women. The daily breakdown of the tissue results in increased metabolic wastes and a predisposition to the kidney stone formation. The other leading cause is the complicated urinary tract, as compared to those of the females. The prostate gland in men enlarges with age, leading to a condition called Benign prostate hypertrophy; which results in difficulty in emptying the bladder. Obstruction of the bladder outflow results in the chemicals and toxins going on accumulating in the bladder resulting in forming of stones and crystals. The structure of penile urethra caused due to the gonorrhea infection, penile trauma, catheterization; may also further reduce bladder outflow and thus contribute to the formation of the crystals.
In very unique cases, a person forms kidney stone because the parathyroid glands produces too much of a hormone, leading to higher calcium levels and possibly calcium kidney stone.
The Absence of Signs:
Mostly, men do not feel any symptoms associated with kidney stone. Small kidney stone may pass through without being noticed while others may not cause symptoms, till the time the stone moves from the bladder into the ureter (tube connecting the kidney to the bladder).
The Abdominal and Back Pain:
Kidney stone generally cause considerable pain in most men. The pain can begin while the kidney stone is still in the kidney or else, it may begin once the kidney stone moves to ureter, bladder or urethra. If the stone is in the kidney, the pain typically occurs at the side and back on the same side of the body towards the affected kidney. A man may also feel pain (often described as a sharp pain or a cramping sensation) in the lower abdomen or pelvic area or into the testicles. Some men feel the pain moving. Pain moves as the stone passes through the urinary tract. This pain can also come in waves and build in intensity before fading in cycles of every 20 minutes to an hour. Painful urination may also occur with the kidney stone.
The Physical Signs:
As the kidney stone starts to move through the urinary system, men may feel an urge to urinate more often. The kidney stone can cause damage or irritation to the lining of the ureter or bladder. This irritation may cause blood to get mixed with the urine. Bloody urine can appear red, rusty or pink in color. The urine may also appear cloudy or may have an odor.
Many men experience symptoms of the gastric distress, such as nausea and vomiting while suffering from a kidney stone. These symptoms occur most frequently due to the pain of the kidney stone.
Fever and chills can accompany with the other symptoms associated with a kidney stone. If a man experiences fever, it indicates of an infection in the body. This infection requires a medical examination and antibiotic therapy. Treatment is tailored according to the type of kidney stone.