When the kidneys are not working as they should, the waste and extra fluid can cause the heart, bone and other health problems. The kidney-friendly meal plan limits how much of certain minerals and fluid you eat and drink, helping to keep the waste and fluid from building up and causing problems.
How strict is the meal plan, depends on the stage of the kidney disease. In the early stages of kidney disease, one may have little or no limits on what he/she eat and drink. As the kidney disease gets worse, doctor may recommend that you limit: Potassium, Phosphorus, Fluids, etc. in your meal plan.
Depending on the stage of kidney disease and the treatment, the doctor may tell you to limit the fluid in your meal plan. If the doctor advice this, then one will need to cut back on how much he/she drink. One may also need to cut back on some foods that contain a plenty of water. Soups or foods that melt, like ice cream or gelatin, have plenty of water. Many fruits and vegetables contain large quantity of water.
If one do need to limit fluids, measure the fluids and drink from small cups to help keep track of how much one had to drink. Limit sodium to help cut down on the thirst. At times, one still feel thirsty then one might try to:chew gum, rinse mouth, suck on a piece of ice, mint or candy, in order to quench it.
Other meal plan concerns
A kidney-friendly meal plan may make it hard to get all of the vitamins and minerals one needs. To help get the right balance of vitamins and minerals, the dietitian may suggest a special supplement in the meal plan, made for people with kidney disease.
The doctor or dietitian might also suggest a special kind of vitamin D, folic acid or iron pill, to help avoid some common side effects of kidney disease, like bone disease and anemia in your meal plan.
Regular multi-vitamins will not be healthy for you if you have a kidney disease. They may have too much of some of vitamins and not enough of others. Take advice from the doctor or dietitian to find vitamins that are right for you.
Meal Plan in diabetes
Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure. Diabetes can damage other parts of the body, like your eyes and heart. If somebody has diabetes, one should keep watch on the blood sugar and diet to stay healthy. Work with dietitian to make a kidney-friendly meal plan that helps you keep your blood sugar in control and prevent other health problems.
A well-balanced meal plan is important for good health and even more important for the people with kidney disease, because a proper meal plan may help prevent further kidney damage. Work with the dietitian to make a meal plan that helps to get the right amount of the calories, the protein, the fat, the carbohydrates and the sodium. Depending on the stage of kidney disease, one might also need to limit the potassium, phosphorus and other fluids. Your dietitian can help you with your meal plan.