One of the most common symptom is the flank pain on one side. It also radiates down into the stomach and can actually radiate down into genital area. That type of pain is commonly seen in the kidney stone patient.
Nausea and vomiting are those type of symptoms that gives us a clue that there may be a stone.
The CAT scan is usually the proper way to diagnose for the kidney stones.
Why people usually say that they are so painful?
The flow of urine in the kidney is blocked, and causing backup. And it is an excruciating pain., that is why a lot of people do describe it as “worse than the childbirth”.
When the system is trying to push the urine out, what happens is: the kidney and the ureter — they have this muscle propagation that goes down the kidney into the ureter — when it’s trying to push and the stone is blocking it, you get these intense pains. That is why we call it colicky, as it comes and goes and is extremely painful and the main reason for the pain is the backup of the urine.
What is happening exactly?
Usually, if the patients have two kidneys, they urinate fine because they are getting urine on other side. The problem is that the kidney is producing urine but it can’t get pushed down.
If you take a pipe and you clog it off and somehow you’re still getting fluid into the other end … if it’s a pipe that is capable to expand, it starts expanding.
The backup is like that. It causes a great deal of pain because you’re expanding your system. You do not have any pop-off valve. Once it begins expanding, it’s expanding unnaturally.
It is called hydronephrosis, and is basically backup of urine into the kidney.
There are perticular diseases associated with the kidney stones, things like hyperparathyroidism, or some bowel diseases where the absorption isn’t normal.
Things like the obesity and the diabetes are associated with kidney stones. The main dietary factors are the low water intake and the high salt intake and the animal protein. If we have high amounts of those intakes, it causes the urine to acidify and then it becomes prone to having kidney stones.
It simply depends on the person. If having a family history, one is more apt to get the kidney stone.
What is the treatment?
If the kidney stones are small enough, then they usually pass on their own. Sometimes it could be an uneventful or excruciating passage, but one can help them out with pain medicine and some other related medicines.
Is it possible, that it may go away on its own with pain medicine?
Yep, they might pass it. As long as it’s small and there is nothing abnormal in their system that prevents it from moving through. If it’s small enough then people can pass the stones by themselves.
How long does it take?
It can take a few days. Depending on where the stone is and how small it is. Sometimes we shall monitor up to six weeks, but if the stone is not progressing, we will go ahead and take care of it.
If the pain is too much to endure, then go ahead and treat. If their pain is coming and going, and well-controlled with things or other pain medicine, just wait and try to pass it.
Some kidney stones, believe it or not, are completely asymptomatic. People do not even know that they have them. It can be a very large kidney stone or a small kidney stone but they get to know about it when they CAT scan for any other reason.