Diabetes is a condition in which your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or can’t use it properly. Insulin is crucial to regulating blood sugar levels. High blood sugar can cause problems in any part of your body, including your kidneys. If you have type 2 diabetes, you may have very acidic urine. That increases your risk for developing kidney stones.
What are kidney stones?
Kidney stones form when you have high concentrations of certain substances in your urine. Some kidney stones form from excess calcium oxalate. Others form from struvite, uric acid, or cysteine.
The stones can travel from your kidney through your urinary tract. Small stones may pass through your body and out in your urine with little or no pain. Larger stones may cause a great deal of pain. They can even get lodged in your urinary tract. That can block urine flow and cause infection or bleeding.
Other symptoms of kidney stones include:
- back or abdominal pain
If you experience severe symptoms of kidney stones, see your doctor. Your doctor may suspect kidney stones based on your symptoms. Urinalysis, blood tests, and imaging tests may be needed to confirm the diagnosis.
Preventing kidney stones
Once you’ve had a kidney stone, you have a higher risk of having another. You can reduce your overall risk by maintaining a nutritious diet and managing your weight. It is also important to take in plenty of fluids every day. Drink about eight, 8-ounce cups of water or non-calorie beverages a day. Citrus juices may also help.
The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet may help lower blood pressure. It may also cut down on your chances of developing kidney stones. On the DASH diet, you’ll emphasize the following foods:
- low-fat dairy products
You’ll also include:
- whole grains
- beans, seeds, and nuts
- fish and poultry
You’ll eat only tiny amounts of:
- added sugar and sweets
- red meat